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Cross

 

Cross

Author: Unknown

Date: 12th century

Material: Gilt copper (?)

Dimensions (cm): H 42,2 x L 32

Inscription: IHESUS, NA/ZARENUM/REX.IU/DEORUM

Provenance: Celorico de Basto, Igreja de Santiago de Gagos

Owner: Braga, Museu de Arqueologia Dom Diogo de Sousa

Inventory No.: MAS To D 3

 

The cross is decorated with geometric motifs on the obverse and on the reverse and, at the front, the upper stem has the inscription: “IHESUS, NA/ZARENUM/REX.IU/DEORUM” (Jesus of Nazareth King of the Jews) engraved. On the obverse, it used to bear the figure of Christ, whose presence can be deduced by the simply traced outline and by the holes for the fixing pins.

This is a cross of great quality that follows a more evolved Romanesque model.